If research states…(According to the National Institute of Health)
- 1 out of 5 children in the United States is affected by dyslexia.
Dyslexia is the leading cause of reading failure and school dropouts in our nation.
- Early intervention is essential for these individuals.
- Children will not outgrow reading failure or dyslexia.
- Most importantly…reading failure caused by dyslexia is highly preventable through direct, explicit instruction in phonemic awareness.
Of the children who display reading problems in the first grade, 74% will be poor readers in the ninth grade and into adulthood UNLESS they receive informed and explicit instruction in phonemic awareness.
…What are we waiting for?
According to the Institute for Multisensory Education/Orton-Gillingham, 30-40% of American students entering the 4th grade are reading below grade level, and 50% of them will NEVER catch up!
Reading, spelling and writing failures caused by dyslexia are preventable and can be treated.
Research shows that the crucial window of opportunity to deliver help is during the first couple of years of a child’s education.
Now what can we do about it?
There are no magic tricks to be performed or quick fixes for dyslexia.
Research has shown that it can take from one to three years for an individual to read and to spell at grade level depending upon:
- level of severity
- frequency of remediation
- any other issues not pertaining specifically to dyslexia
Those who struggle with dyslexia need three things:
- classroom Accommodations
1 – Identification:
Check the Symptoms of Dyslexia page if you suspect dyslexia may be the cause of reading and spelling struggles. You can also call Road to Learning at 847-307-0073 for a list of Neuropsychologists in the Northwest Chicago suburbs.
2 – Tutoring:
Orton-Gillingham recommends tutoring sessions to be a minimum of twice a week for one hour. Remediation requires a systematic, multi-sensory based method.
Dr. Samuel Orton and Anna Gillingham, who developed the Orton-Gillingham system in the 1930’s, designed a teaching method systematic in its approach to printed language. This method takes advantage of a dyslexic person’s strengths. This system is multi-sensory, as those struggling with dyslexia learn best when utilizing a combination of all of their senses.
The Orton-Gillingham method utilizes phonetics and emphasizes visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning styles. Instruction begins by focusing on the structure of language and phonemes. Students are gradually moved toward reading and spelling proficiency.
- The RIGHT System (Orton-Gillingham Method)
- The RIGHT Tutor or Teacher (Well trained and Certified in Orton-Gillingham)
- The RIGHT Intensity Level of instruction (One hour at least two times per week)
- The RIGHT Setting (One-on-One is best; one-to-three maximum)
- The RIGHT Duration (Until the student’s skills are at or beyond grade level)
The following are the most well-known adaptations of the original Orton-Gillingham method:
- Barton Reading and Spelling System
- Project Read
- Recipe for Reading
- Alphabet Phonetics
- Wilson Reading System
The Barton Reading and Spelling System is an Orton-Gillingham approach to reading and spelling.
There are 10 levels in the Barton Reading and Spelling System has a total of 10 levels. Completing all 10 levels may take 18 months to three years for a “classic or moderate” dyslexic individual who is tutored twice a week. Each level contains 10-15 lessons.
The Barton Levels are as follows:
- Phonemic Awareness
- Consonants and Short Vowels
- Closed Syllables and Units
- Syllable Division & Vowel Teams
- Prefixes and Suffixes
- Silent-E Syllables
- Vowel-R Syllables
- Advanced Vowel Teams
- Influences of Foreign Languages
- Greek words & Latin Roots
3 – Classroom Accommodations:
Lastly, a child needs proper support in the classroom setting. You can get a list of appropriate classroom accommodations from your tutor.
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